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« FYI: Petrosun to Start Commercial Operation of 4.4 MGY Algae Oil Plant | Main | More News on EEStor »

March 28, 2008



Sounds too good to be true?

Anyone from Madison to verify this exciting discovery?

Andre Angelantoni

It is too good to be true.

This will add even more pressure to our food supply.

It's simply not the case that "marginal" land is used for food-to-fuel production. It's far more profitable for a farmer to take arable land that is currently producing food and grow whatever is required as an input to these sorts of processes.

See Fermenting the Food Supply. As Lester Brown points out, we are watching the unfolding of mass worldwide starvation as we continue along this path.

This company had better not set up any plants anywhere near the world's poor without an enormous amount of security.

Cyril R.

The fundamental limitation to this approach is that it uses sugars as feedstock, in stead of being able to convert the majority of the chemical energy of the plants.

From a resource viewpoint, this is hardly any better than conventional (corn) ethanol. I don't know what else to say.

Harvey D

If the promised (2X) production per ha is realized, a limited (sustainable?) use of non-food feed-stocks may be justified to supply our PHEV and aircraft with essential liquid fuel.

OTOH, as production rise more and more feed-stocks will be required and farmers will quickly switch from food to biofuels-gasoline feed-stocks production. This will put added pressure on world food price.

A decade or two from now, there will be more mouths to feed. Can productive land produce enough to feed 7 to 10 billion people and half as many vehicles? Not unless vehicle fuel consumption is drastically reduced. Presently, many of our large gas guzzlers consume as much energy as 10 people. Fuel consumption will have to be reduced at least 10 times before agrofuels can supply the major part of the liquid fuel required.

The end solution may be more from fuel consumption reduction than alternate fuel sources. Up to one billion PHEV-100-Km or PHEV-200-Km and/or BEVs will be required to replace our gas guzzling ICE units to stop using most fossil fuel.


I agree with what has been commented earlier. This technology sounds exciting and I hope they can get it working. The fact that Shell is working with them adds a significant amount of clout in my opinion. However, regardless of how you convert plant material to fuel, the sugar or edible part is going to be easier to convert than the cellulose. Therefore this process will also strangle the food supply. This kind of development almost temps me to become a farmer. Farmers are going to do well in the coming decades.

Cyril R.

This doesn't sound exciting at all - it's less efficient than conventional ethanol. The fact that it's gasoline is a very marginal advantage over ethanol, and certainly doesn't outweigh the disadvantage that it's still just sugar based technology.

I agree, if the balance is heavily shifted towards electrified transport, then advanced biofuels (but not sugar based ones) could fill in the remaining demand.

If you can grow crops with decent sugar yields on marginal land, then a decent amount of food can also logically be grown there. Hopefully, the demographers are correct in their prediction that total global population will stabilize after a few billion more people.

Bob Wallace

"Farmers are going to do well in the coming decades."

If you farm where there is adequate water.

I wouldn't suggest that you start your farm where you would be dependent on glacier runoff or over one of our rapidly dropping aquifers.

Shifting from petroleum to agricultural biofuels might be one of the worst ideas man has ever had.

We're probably a lot better off pursuing algae oil and electricity for our transportation needs.

George Keselman

I think Virent several years behind technology THE RIVERA PROCESS(USSE.PK U.S. Sustainable Energy Corp.,SSTP.PK Sustainable Power Corp).THE RIVERA PROCESS catalytically activated chemical hydrolysis system, operating in the reactor vacuum chamber with temperatures under 800 degrees. With chemical hydrolysis you split the water molecules blending the hydrogen with the oil molecules, leaving free oxygen in the crude.The Biocrude produced in the Reactor by the "Rivera Process" has been named
Vertroleum™. Sustainable Power Corp. will produce, sell, and refine Vertroleum and Vetrochemical products.

Vertrochemical Products

* Biogasoline * Marine Fuel
* Biokerosene * Power Plant Fuel
* Biojetfuel * Bunker Fuel
* Green 2cycle oil * Biodiesel (not from transferification )
* Bio Motor Oils * Form Release
* Bio Solvents * Industrial Cleaners
* Bio Synthetics * Bio Plastics
more to come!

October 04, 2007 | Press Release

Sustainable Power Corp. Commences Preliminary Discussions on Commercialization of Biogasoline

Topics Include Potential Financing Structures for Plants and Equipment, Geographic Plant Locations, and Sale Contracts for Sustainable Power Corp's Product Lines

NATCHEZ, MS -- (MARKET WIRE) -- 10/04/07 -- Sustainable Power Corp. (PINKSHEETS: SSTP), an international green energy service provider focused on environmentally safe power generation, today announced that it is engaged in preliminary discussions with undisclosed parties focused on the commercialization of its revolutionary biogasoline product (referred to by SSTP as "BG100"). In addition to BG100, preliminary discussions are on-going regarding the Company's other breakthrough "green" products developed and proven to be direct replacements for conventional petroleum products.

AmSpec Services, LLC (www.amspecllc.com) has previously stated that they have witnessed SSTP's production of liquid oil, gas and carbon fertilizer from soybeans in their Natchez, MS facility. AmSpec secured representative samples of these products for its own testing in its Houston laboratory. While maintaining a full chain of custody of the products, AmSpec tested our "biogasoline" (BG100), marine fuel, and a replacement for gasoline-E85 flex fuel from SSTP's oil. It is these results that have led SSTP to feel confident in making the statement that they do in fact have "green" replacements for many conventional petroleum-based products currently in use today.

Discussions to date have been comprehensive, entailing potential financing structures for the plants and equipment, geographic plant locations, and the ultimate sale contracts for Sustainable Power Corp's product lines. While the discussions should be considered preliminary, initial feedback is encouraging and talks remain ongoing.

Shawn Spiller

Uh, yeah, too good to be true sounds about right... as gas prices are starting to hit 4 bucks/gal where I live, it almost seems a luxury to drive anymore. I was curious if these 'new' technologie(s) could be used in combination with algae oil, and other forms of alternative plant matters. I was reading a thing on yahoo news I believe, where some dude in New Mexico was growing 'pond scum' in hanging plastic bags... producing upto 100,000 gal/s per acre. which he claimed 10% of new mexico could power the whole US. Could this technology be the answer if combined with whoever was doing all that?

I'd be curious to know, my email is [email protected] as I don't get on blog post's much. I was just curious about new technologies, and was browsing news. I would really like an answer, if anyone has the time to email me one.




George Keselman,
U.S. Sustainable Energy is one of the great ongoing scams of our time. Anyone who researches the company's history of press releases and stock manipulations will quickly run for cover. Please don't bring that puffery to the Energy Blog.


I notice a lot of the comments here are about the strain biofuels could place upon our food supply. There's an easy answer to this, which would also have the effect of kerbing the growing energy demand: For governments worldwide to wake up to the phenomenon that growth is not infinite. If the planet's population continues to grow, does the size of the planet? No. There comes a point at which one planet cannot sustain all the people who live on it.

I'm not saying we are there yet, not even close. But if the world continues the way it is, we will have this problem at some point in the future. If we all stop becoming obsessed with growth, then we will be able to draw a line in the sand and say "this is how many people there are in this world, this is how much land we need to be able to feed them all, this is how much land is available for biofuels etc".

The trouble with this theory, of course, is it assumes that the world's nations are actually capable of thinking beyond their own shores/borders. At the moment, growth is THE way to get ahead of the rest of the pack, but it's this inherent model that needs to go.


The conversion of biomass (whether sugar, starch, vegetable oil, cellulose, or lignin) to hydrocarbon fuels has been around for a long time. Making charcoal from wood is one simple example.

For a good review of the two processes used (gasification and pyrolysis), see

The basic mechanism of gasification is thermal cracking to produce light molecules, which can then be rearranged into different lengths. In the case of pyrolysis of sugars and biomass, the net result is that oxygen is removed and carbon and hydrogen are left behind: http://www.eoearth.org/article/Cracking

Depending on how you do it, the pyrolysis process produces more or less charcoal or coke (biomass is a far cleaner carbon source than coal!), along with hydrocarbon liquid and gas fractions. The charcoal makes an excellent agricultural amendment for poor soils, and actually is itself an efficient form of carbon burial. Do that with corn stalks, instead of corn kernels, and there is no issue with food production:


The quality of the bio-oil and the necessary infrastructure are also issues. In many cases, the best use of available biomass might just be to burn it directly in pressed pellet form in large electricity plants.

Al Fin

Thanks for a constructive comment, ike, one of the few on this thread. Here is your link in clickable form: http://www.nrel.gov/biomass/proj_thermochemical_conversion.html

Biomass Magazine is another excellent resource.

The amount of conscious and subconscious pessimism pervading the modern "environmentalist" outlook is appalling. Too many of these comments reflect this "can't do" "defeatist" toxic subconscious mentality. Why do some of these folks even get out of bed in the morning?

Cyril R.

Al Fin, it's not that biofuels in general are a bad idea. Sugar based biofuels are a bad idea. More 'advanced' types (a bit of a misnomer as some of the technologies are relatively simple) are promising, but even they should be used in the right context.

It's not a question between electric or biofuels, it's about putting them together in such a way that their strenghts (potentials) are leveraged while their weaknesses (limitations) are reduced.

Bob Wallace

Al, what you see when you look at the current environmental outlook and what I see are drastically different.

What I see coming from environmentalists is first a realization that we have dug ourselves, the humans, into a deep hole and the rest of our world is beginning to tumble in with us.

That's not pessimism but realism.

The next thing that I see from coming from environmentalists is lots of effort to make changes in order to reverse our course.

It's the environmentalists who are attempting to set aside some of our land in an attempt to preserve biological diversity, to find ways to change our sources and uses of energy in order to minimize the effects of global warming. It's the environmentalists who realize that we can't just take care of our house and little piece of land in our gated community and ignore the rest of the planet.

Sure, there are some who are pessimistic and see the world coming to an end, but I find them to be outliers and balanced by the extreme pessimism that one sees coming from "conservatives".

You might see environmentalists cautious about Shell and Virent's plan to turn sugar into fuel. And with good reason.

One gets much more sugar from sugar cane juice than from squeezed out fiber. Leave it to corporations who are viewing only their bottom line and massive amounts of sugar will be diverted from our food chain and sent to our car tanks.

I would agree that many environmentalists are pessimistic about greedy people doing the right thing when it doesn't benefit themselves.

George Keselman

Danzig, do not tell me what to bring and what not to here, please. Anyone who is doing research on this company today can see
that it is on the verge of production of biocrude (~24000 gal/24 hours).
For comparison:
"Virent's pilot plants are currently able to produce only a gallon of biogasoline a day; its engineers hope to demonstrate a commercial-size plant able to produce around 10,000 liters within the next few years."
Last few month following people joined BOD:
Jim Ford, Senior Vice President of AmSpec Services, LLC,Abd. Hamid Bin Ibrahim CEO of Borneo Oil and Gas Corporation,Julio Gonzalez-Gamarra Parlacen President.
Implementing of company's technology on different levels is now in these countries:
Dominican Rep.,Haiti, Malaysia, Indonesia, etc.
It is not a puffery. My point is just to show that USSE/SSTP is far ahead of Virent. What is yours?

Roger Brown
Too many of these comments reflect this "can't do" "defeatist" toxic subconscious mentality.

I wish people would take a "can do" attitude towards the most important structural issue facing our economic system: our commitment to continuous growth. If we decommit from growth and make it our goal to produce what we really need with maximum efficiency, then our ability to leverage technology improvements, efficiency improvements etc. to produce a decent quality of life vastly increases.

Of course decommitting from growth means sharing economic output more fairly. Without the prospect growth the people at the bottom of the wealth hierarchy get really ornery. Once you mention this idea all you hear is a chorus of "Can't do. Can't do. Can't do. Can't do. Human nature won't allow it. History has proven that it is impossible. I can spend endless hours researching alternate energy technology on the WEB, but I cannot spend five minutes thinking about the social and economic reform required to eliminate our dependence on growth because I know in advance that it won't work."

The dichotomy between people who care about the environment and people who want to put food on the table is nonsense. In the long run a sustainable economy (i.e. one which will continue to put food on the table)is one which takes account of ecological constraints. Unless you tell me that you are committed to creating an economy which produces sustainable, fairly shared, community wealth, then your preaching about people's "can't do" attitudes is the pot calling the kettle black.


Brilliant...hanging bags of algae....poke a hole and water drains out,leaving the stuff...talk about harvesting with ease!

Maine has over 500 tons of Green waste in the region; New england biomass is increasing at a rate 3% over current use; which is declining as logging disappears and paper mills shut down.

The warming climate--until this year, is helping greatly.

I think, from my Maine perspective that the fear tactic about people starving because all the land is in ethanol crops is B.S.

I can't even count all the empty fields in the area that get cut so they won't turn into woodlands; Maine is covered in fallow farm land that could be put back into production with bio-mass crops.

Farmers in the mid-west are doing rather well, paying off debt, etc. about time.

Lot's of competition among various cellulosic processes and damn if GE doesn't start marketing a 'farm anaerobic digester designed to make electricity in a large appliance. no cost yet, but gotto http://ge.ecomagination.com/site/index.html#jenb/details for the details....

Don B.

As it HAS BECOME perfectly clear. Ethanol from carbohydrate-sourced crops is not sustainable. Examples: 1) The amount of fresh water that is needed in the process....from irrigation thru distillation. 2) Directly affects food prices....ADM can/will out-bid Kelloggs for a bushel of grain (let's not forget Federal tax subsidies for blenders of ethanol/gasoline!) 3) Extremely low yields per acre when compared to algae-based fuels. 4) E-85 creates a much shorter lifespan for ICE engines VS straight gasoline. It seems that the ethanol "washes-down" the cylinder walls and reduces the lubricity of the engine oil (remember alcohol is a SOLVENT!)....I work for a US Auto manufacturer @ their R&D center and was told to expect to see only 100Kmiles (TOPS!) from running a constant E-85. The "Big 3" embraced E-85 because it bought them some breathing room on their CAFE requirements.....otherwise; they know it's a sham! 5) The continued shift in weather patterns due to Global Warming; where it is becoming more difficult to predict who's going to have a drought and who's getting flooded....this leads to instability in planning/forecasting fuel production goals to satisfy demand.....again, leading to supply disruption/price spikes.
AS OF THIS TIME; the only SUSTAINABLE/VIABLE plant-based feedstock that I can see making any sense is algae-based biofuels.

Don B.

Don B.

As it HAS BECOME perfectly clear. Ethanol from carbohydrate-sourced crops is not sustainable. Examples: 1) The amount of fresh water that is needed in the process....from irrigation thru distillation. 2) Directly affects food prices....ADM can/will out-bid Kelloggs for a bushel of grain (let's not forget Federal tax subsidies for blenders of ethanol/gasoline!) 3) Extremely low yields per acre when compared to algae-based fuels. 4) E-85 creates a much shorter lifespan for ICE engines VS straight gasoline. It seems that the ethanol "washes-down" the cylinder walls and reduces the lubricity of the engine oil (remember alcohol is a SOLVENT!)....I work for a US Auto manufacturer @ their R&D center and was told to expect to see only 100Kmiles (TOPS!) from running a constant E-85. The "Big 3" embraced E-85 because it bought them some breathing room on their CAFE requirements.....otherwise; they know it's a sham! 5) The continued shift in weather patterns due to Global Warming; where it is becoming more difficult to predict who's going to have a drought and who's getting flooded....this leads to instability in planning/forecasting fuel production goals to satisfy demand.....again, leading to supply disruption/price spikes.
AS OF THIS TIME; the only SUSTAINABLE/VIABLE plant-based feedstock that I can see making any sense is algae-based biofuels.

Don B.

Paul F. Dietz

The real fun will come when they come up with a competitive technology for converting wood to liquid fuels. Next step: mining the world's existing forests. If it's economical to burn down a rain forest for conversion to cropland, what happens when you can make an even bigger profit by liquefying the trees instead?

Cyril R.

Don't worry about it Paul. Most of the world's existing forests are in developing countries. They will be cut down anyway, as developing countries want to 'develop'.

We're seeing this already, with Indonesian forests being cut down for palm oil plantations and the Brazialian ones for soy and other crops.

Woops, there goes another chimpanzee!

Cyril R.

Don't worry about it Paul. Most of the world's existing forests are in developing countries. They will be cut down anyway, as developing countries want to 'develop'.

We're seeing this already, with Indonesian forests being cut down for palm oil plantations and the Brazialian ones for soy and other crops.

Woops, there goes another chimpanzee!


Found an interesting site on fixed price gasoline. http://www.gasbankusa.com


Sugar cane biofuel is the way to go in my opinion. I love to debate the premise and promises of biofuel. Like most things there are pros and cons but overall I'm for biofuel. Check out my forum if you want to discuss further!

Matt D. Olson

As humans we have been swapping the easy for the un-logical for decades now. We have under funded bio and renewable grants programs and the over all technology is way more advanced than even the average consumer realizes.

The use of petroleum products will not be removed from retail turbine in my lifetime. This is because the sure cost of replacing large fleets of diesel engines and large commercial aircraft burning jet fuel would bankrupt company or economy with a law requiring such conversations.

Glasnoft Oil & Gas Company www.Glasnoft.com a Washington State Oil & Gas Company, we would like to see more clean and renewable energy sources adopted into the general market place and eventually the commercial transportation market with the help of the local governments and states.

Prof.Hans-Jürgen Franke & Prof. Pengcheng Fu


University of Hawai'i Professor Pengchen "Patrick" Fu developed an innovative technology, to produce high amounts of ethanol with modified cyanobacterias, as a new feedstock for ethanol, without entering in conflict with the food and feed-production .

Fu has developed strains of cyanobacteria — one of the components of pond scum — that feed on atmospheric carbon dioxide, and produce ethanol as a waste product.

He has done it both in his laboratory under fluorescent light and with sunlight on the roof of his building. Sunlight works better, he said.

It has a lot of appeal and potential. Turning waste into something useful is a good thing. And the blue-green-algae needs only sun and wast- recycled from the sugar-cane-industry, to grow and to produce directly more and more ethanol. With this solution, the sugarcane-based ethanol-industry in Brazil and other tropical regions will get a second way, to produce more biocombustible for the worldmarket.

The technique may need adjusting to increase how much ethanol it yields, but it may be a new technology-challenge in the near future.

The process was patented by Fu and UH in January, but there's still plenty of work to do to bring it to a commercial level. The team of Fu foundet just the start-up LA WAHIE BIOTECH INC. with headquarter in Hawaii and branch-office in Brazil.


Fu figures his team is two to three years from being able to build a full-scale
ethanol plant, and they are looking for investors or industry-partners (jointventure).

He is fine-tuning his research to find different strains of blue-green algae that will produce even more ethanol, and that are more tolerant of high levels of ethanol. The system permits, to "harvest" continuously ethanol – using a membrane-system- and to pump than the blue-green-algae-solution in the Photo-Bio-Reactor again.

Fu started out in chemical engineering, and then began the study of biology. He has studied in China, Australia, Japan and the United States, and came to UH in 2002 after a stint as scientist for a private company in California.

He is working also with NASA on the potential of cyanobacteria in future lunar and Mars colonization, and is also proceeding to take his ethanol technology into the marketplace. A business plan using his system, under the name La Wahie Biotech, won third place — and a $5,000 award — in the Business Plan Competition at UH's Shidler College of Business.
Daniel Dean and Donavan Kealoha, both UH law and business students, are Fu's partners. So they are in the process of turning the business plan into an operating business.

The production of ethanol for fuel is one of the nation's and the world's major initiatives, partly because its production takes as much carbon out of the atmosphere as it dumps into the atmosphere. That's different from fossil fuels such as oil and coal, which take stored carbon out of the ground and release it into the atmosphere, for a net increase in greenhouse gas.
Most current and planned ethanol production methods depend on farming, and in the case of corn and sugar, take food crops and divert them into energy.

Fu said crop-based ethanol production is slow and resource-costly. He decided to work with cyanobacteria, some of which convert sunlight and carbon dioxide into their own food and release oxygen as a waste product.

Other scientists also are researching using cyanobacteria to make ethanol, using different strains, but Fu's technique is unique, he said. He inserted genetic material into one type of freshwater cyanobacterium, causing it to produce ethanol as its waste product. It works, and is an amazingly efficient system.

The technology is fairly simple. It involves a photobioreactor, which is a
fancy term for a clear glass or plastic container full of something alive, in which light promotes a biological reaction. Carbon dioxide gas is bubbled through the green mixture of water and cyanobacteria. The liquid is then passed through a specialized membrane that removes the
ethanol, allowing the water, nutrients and cyanobacteria to return to the

Solar energy drives the conversion of the carbon dioxide into ethanol. The partner of Prof. Fu in Brazil in the branch-office of La Wahie Biotech Inc. in Aracaju - Prof. Hans-Jürgen Franke - is developing a low-cost photo-bio-reactor-system. Prof. Franke want´s soon creat a pilot-project with Prof. Fu in Brazil.

The benefit over other techniques of producing ethanol is that this is simple and quick—taking days rather than the months required to grow crops that can be converted to ethanol.

La Wahie Biotech Inc. believes it can be done for significantly less than the cost of gasoline and also less than the cost of ethanol produced through conventional methods.

Also, this system is not a net producer of carbon dioxide: Carbon dioxide released into the environment when ethanol is burned has been withdrawn from the environment during ethanol production. To get the carbon dioxide it needs, the system could even pull the gas out of the emissions of power plants or other carbon dioxide producers. That would prevent carbon dioxide release into the atmosphere, where it has been implicated as a
major cause of global warming.
Honolulo – Hawaii/USA and Aracaju – Sergipe/Brasil - 15/09/2008

Prof. Pengcheng Fu – E-Mail: [email protected]
Prof. Hans-Jürgen Franke – E-Mail: [email protected]

Tel.: 00-55-79-3243-2209


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Heartland Energy Colorado

This was a fantastic post and we would like to follow up on the story at Heartland Energy Colorado. I could not find any further resources on this biogasoline by Virent. Do you know anything more?


Great write-up on bio-gasoline. Keep the great info coming!

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This will put added pressure on world food price.......Quite nice....

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Biogasoline advantages over ethanol include greater energy per gallon and requires no changes in the transportation.Also,it can be used directly in regular gasoline engines without any need for engine modification and can be blended with other existing fuels such as petroleum gasoline or ethanol.

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Scientists have been warning the world for many years that the fossil fuels we rely on so heavily for energy are a finite resource. The search has been going on for renewable sources of energy to replace them for several decades. One of the more promising options for obtaining energy has proven to be biomass, fuel created from living or recently dead organisms. However, there are some biomass disadvantages as a source of energy.

Lubricant Manufacturer

Nice post, great detail. I would have liked to see the costs that are associated to it so I could add to my business case justifications to use the technology. Keep up the good work!

plumbing supplies

Biogas is eco friendly energy production.Biogas is fully capable of replacing other rural energy sources like wood,hard coal,kerosene,plant residues and propane.

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Biogas can be employed for generating electricity and also as automotive fuel. Biogas can be used as a substitute for compressed natural gas (CNG).

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By using biogas, many advantages arise. In North America, utilization of biogas would generate enough electricity to meet up to three percent of the continent's electricity expenditure. In addition, biogas could potentially help reduce global climate change. Normally, manure that is left to decompose releases two main gases that cause global climate change.

John Perry

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Biogasoline is very is very helpful in today's life. Biogas is a perfect substitute for a crude oil that use in some cars. Biogas can be use in some household chores. We can make more things if we have a biogas because it is so cheap.

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Phycotech’s mission is to provide its customers with leading edge photo bioreactor technology. By providing cost effective technology for the production of high quality algal biomass we hope to contribute the continued growth of an algal industry that will play a key role in a more sustainable world.


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Car Lease Los Angeles

Wow, it's amazing that they can convert plant sugars into gasoline! So neat

Therapist New York

This makes me want to give Shell my business!

Rug Cleaning Los Angeles

Biogasoline, that sounds great, so glad they're working on this.

Air Purifiers

That's pretty amazing that sugars can be converted like that.

Los Angeles SEO

This is exciting news. I love the idea of using plant sugars instead of ethanol. I wonder if that would be cleaner for our environment.

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Batteries/Hybrid Vehicles