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March 24, 2005

Comments

Big Gav

Where did you get this from : "Some peak oil activists have claimed, for the last 50 years, that the peak was going to occur within a short time." ?

I thought the peak oil idea wasn't invented until the 1950's by M King Hubbert - and his best guess for a global peak was around 2000 (but he only predicted a US peak as that was what he had sufficient data for).

Scott Alberhasky

Hubbert predicted peak oil for USA in 1970, which turned out to be correct. The world has been using more oil than it has found for around 40 years--the peak finding year for oil was in the 60's. It is quite evident that we will reach peak oil production at some point and that oil prices will rise and alternative fuels will then have to make up the difference. The only question is timing.

Jim

The solutions to future transportation fuel scarcity are many. Here are just a few:

1. Driving less.
2. Smaller lighter vehicles.
3. Smart cars than can communicate and draft on the highway. Smart cars can also make very small light vehicles safe.
4. Uglier but more aerodynamic vehicle.
5. More use of 2 wheel vehicle.
6. Battery electric vehicles (inconvenient but if gasoline goes over $10/gallon so what)
7. Plug-in hybrid vehicles.
8. Direct injection.
9. HCCI
10 Better ICEs like the StarRotor. Until the price of Gasoline rises there is no reason the Auto industry should looks at these.
11. At some fuel cost rail could take over from diesel trucks for moving products.
12. Coal to liquid.


Randolph Toom

A new generation of vehicles should reduce fuel consumption. Combining light weight, low drag, an efficient motor/engine and highly efficient regenerative braking are the keys to success of bringing the fuel consumption of that vehicle down. But in the first place we should ask ourselves the question: why be mobile anyway? Is your work so far away from home? Are the shops far away from home? Do you buy products from far away countries? Many things to think about.

But lets have a look at the vehicles first. Do you still use a heavy 5-7 seater for your individual mobility? Doesn't seem responsable to me. Have a look at this overview of slender comfort vehicles that will pave the way for a new generation of motorized personal mobility on http://www.randolph-automotive.com and click on tilting threewheelers in the menu.

Let me know your thoughts.

Kind regards,

Randolph Toom

Jim from The Energy Blog

Did you see the post on the Sleek Aptera Hybrid Designed for 330 mpg? It will be available next year for $20,000. I don't know if it will be a success, but it is a try at the concept you are promoting. I think it will be a long time before most people will buy one of these, but I hope it has enough sales to make it a success.

Andrew W.

Sustainability skeptics that try to scare the world of Peak Oil's devastating effects are intimidating, but unwarranted. They fail to consider:

1. Coal can replace oil for another 25 years if you factor in the total energy consumption growth rate (which will actually be declining as population growth rate declines - so even 50 years of energy supply via coal is in foresight).
2. In this timeframe, the price of oil will and SHOULD increase drastically as a wakeup alarm for the occurrence of the transition to renewables. The transition will probably have made great progress when coal nears depletion.
3. We treat cars and oil like toys - this can change. Why lug around tons of steel just to move yourself? This is extremely inefficient from any scientist's perspective. If we all switched to a slightly more efficient vehicle, the problem would disappear for another many decades. Oh, and how often do you go out because you ACTUALLY need to?
4. The students working on solar cars say a unit can be produced for half a million dollars ... if we invest in the manufacturing process of these vehicles, that figure can be drastically reduced.
5. All of the above will likely happen, as society will not allow the quality of our lives to decrease as a result of oil shortage while alternatives are available.

Did you know that if you covered the entire world with solar collectors, it would only take 20 days to collect an amount of energy equivalent to ALL the fossil fuels that were ever on this planet

So... go ahead, and listen to those yelping about the devastation Peak Oil will bring. But I look forward to exciting solutions ahead of us.

Sam Fraser

I am a very keen follower of the "Green energy revolution". The toughest challenge I face is when I try to answer the question "how does a commoner contribute to this procees?". I know we can try and do a few things such as "reduce usage of non-green energy", donate small amounts to non profits and so on. But, is there anything slightly more than this that can be done? Something that would make some impact?

I am really keen on doing something in the area of Wind Energy. I am a technical person - though not experienced in this particular technology. I am a software and marketing professional with over 20 years of experience. The green energy revolution has really fascinated me and I do want to play a role in the progress this segment makes for the betterment of the planet we live on!

Any ideas?

-Sam

Chet Esium

"What is sure is that peaking is inevitable and it will result in dramatically higher oil prices accompanied by economic havoc."

I stopped reading right about there. Sure, conventional oil production will probably peak. However, unconventional oil production (drilling slightly deeper wells further out to sea, and using more viscous sour oil) will fill in the gap without dramatically higher (long term) oil prices. People have this amazing property that as they learn how to do something, it becomes cheaper and easier to do. The oil wells in the Gulf of Mexico used to be fairly expensive. But now they compete with saudi oil.

Over the next two decades, we will increase our production of hydrocarbons through a variety of menas and we will decrease our consumption of those hydrocarbons by using them more efficiently (hybrid vehicles and carbon fibers). We will not see dramatically higher prices nor economic havoc.

Chris

Chet misses the point. Price of oil is no longer the major issue as it was in 1979.

We all desperately need to stop being addicted to oil and burning it.

This will help the planet on two fronts: We stop 'Funding both sides in the war on Terror' (see Tom Freidman, NYT 'Addicted to Oil' Discovery Channel), and we top 'Warming up the Planet' (See Al Gore - 'An Inconvenient Truth' and Prof Lovelock - 'Revenge of Gaia').

Just face it. Oil as a fuel will be progressively phased out as quickly as peoples can be persuaded to change their habits and Japan Inc can switch from ICE's to EV's.

peo

The way to do it:

Design all buildings to be energy production units.
Design electric vehicles to recharge at charging stations that are housed along the roads and at home.

Consume Less, Produce More.

Andy Perry

The biggest impediment to the average person in getting involved with alternative solutions is the tremendous up-front cost. Our company has removed this barrier and is poised to revolutionize the residential solar market in the US. Check out my website and become an associate to spread the message and grow your own business if you wish. Have a Sunny Day!

karl  (asdf promoter got it almost right)

Above, and pasted below, Andrew argues for "slight" improvements in what has us torturing and slaughtering to afford toys that honestly almost no one enjoys suffering the ownership or even leasing of.

Others argue that hey, running out later is better, lt's be blind to that day, even if it's when we retire, or before, or merely our kids wake up call upon some milestone.

Inflation has to be real, and high, to justify using up products that are expensive to make, more expensive forever then to currently mine.

Seeding clouds for rain works- but only up to a point. Same for almost everything else.

But science says more then that. It says that even if you can't pedal, if you are eating, then your shit can get you so far from where you sit, without raising your heartbeat one bit.

Sustainability says just that. It says our interest is adviserial to those whose goal is more of us, period.

It's not too late to only let those who want kids have only as many as they care to have.

To let truth be free. Not biblically oppressed from almost of thee.

When powers that be want us to forget our dreams, they seem to have gotten that. Now owning land for one self is so quaint. We surrender the dirt without any protest. It is our land, and legal for us to buy it. the light, the night, the ability to fly our own kite, it is for this that we only used to struggle and die and nobly or not really fight.

To be competent one does not have to be wise. So wrote one of my supreme courts in an effort to sin against the unwise, which, if next week, won't at least be a complete surprise. He is transcribed as saying man is not with the ability to judge. Given that he wrote this to persuade judges, I think perhaps a case for incompetency could and should still be made. Because those judges of course silently get there revenge on his contempt of them.

A needle, placed under his skin- no fear of taking anything themselves not even in the shin.

As the writers of 24 dared to say- if there is no right to speak, why bother listening? Why aspire to that? WHy care? One must dare, in order to be fair. Or this is no place worthy of protection.

Locally Ford's fiasco with cop mobiles reads Kafka not or just knotted. The powersteering they'll fix, just give them time. Public money instead bails them out. Easy to spend- to cover up what? Spare ford. Yeah right. Punish the Cartoon channel. But Ford, hey, they can be trusted. They won't spill the beans. NO need to seek any greens from them.

Our cars are our prison cells. Escape is possible. Fear is silly. Stand outside them, there is not even a tank headed torwards you, only the one you climb into. It's the belly of the beast, it's the beast, it's not alive. Of this I jive sure, beg you not to drive, find a better place to five a hive.

"3. We treat cars and oil like toys - this can change. Why lug around tons of steel just to move yourself? This is extremely inefficient from any scientist's perspective. If we all switched to a slightly more efficient vehicle, the problem would disappear for another many decades. Oh, and how often do you go out because you ACTUALLY need to?"

karl  (asdf promoter got it almost right)

Above, and pasted below, Andrew argues for "slight" improvements in what has us torturing and slaughtering to afford toys that honestly almost no one enjoys suffering the ownership or even leasing of.

Others argue that hey, running out later is better, lt's be blind to that day, even if it's when we retire, or before, or merely our kids wake up call upon some milestone.

Inflation has to be real, and high, to justify using up products that are expensive to make, more expensive forever then to currently mine.

Seeding clouds for rain works- but only up to a point. Same for almost everything else.

But science says more then that. It says that even if you can't pedal, if you are eating, then your shit can get you so far from where you sit, without raising your heartbeat one bit.

Sustainability says just that. It says our interest is adviserial to those whose goal is more of us, period.

It's not too late to only let those who want kids have only as many as they care to have.

To let truth be free. Not biblically oppressed from almost of thee.

When powers that be want us to forget our dreams, they seem to have gotten that. Now owning land for one self is so quaint. We surrender the dirt without any protest. It is our land, and legal for us to buy it. the light, the night, the ability to fly our own kite, it is for this that we only used to struggle and die and nobly or not really fight.

To be competent one does not have to be wise. So wrote one of my supreme courts in an effort to sin against the unwise, which, if next week, won't at least be a complete surprise. He is transcribed as saying man is not with the ability to judge. Given that he wrote this to persuade judges, I think perhaps a case for incompetency could and should still be made. Because those judges of course silently get there revenge on his contempt of them.

A needle, placed under his skin- no fear of taking anything themselves not even in the shin.

As the writers of 24 dared to say- if there is no right to speak, why bother listening? Why aspire to that? WHy care? One must dare, in order to be fair. Or this is no place worthy of protection.

Locally Ford's fiasco with cop mobiles reads Kafka not or just knotted. The powersteering they'll fix, just give them time. Public money instead bails them out. Easy to spend- to cover up what? Spare ford. Yeah right. Punish the Cartoon channel. But Ford, hey, they can be trusted. They won't spill the beans. NO need to seek any greens from them.

Our cars are our prison cells. Escape is possible. Fear is silly. Stand outside them, there is not even a tank headed torwards you, only the one you climb into. It's the belly of the beast, it's the beast, it's not alive. Of this I jive sure, beg you not to drive, find a better place to five a hive.

"3. We treat cars and oil like toys - this can change. Why lug around tons of steel just to move yourself? This is extremely inefficient from any scientist's perspective. If we all switched to a slightly more efficient vehicle, the problem would disappear for another many decades. Oh, and how often do you go out because you ACTUALLY need to?"

David Moreland

I tend to agree peak oil is not to far off and that this will create some disruption in the economy and our way of life.

However, the free market will efficiently meet this challenge at the appropriate time, primarily with additional conservation. In general conservation investments are the best way to reduce demand on limited petroleum resources.

Energy Guru
www.energy-guru.blogspot.com

pmf

Here is a good way to take advantage.

Rick

Talking about what is to be in the future is fun, but what do you do about energy consumption now? The Reliant distribution area bill electrical demand in Kva. Kva can be reduced easily which will reduce consumption and your electric bill. This is something that is available now.

Jay Drai

Energy Independence begins with Energy efficiency - It's cheaper to save energy than to make energy.

Updated September 4, 2007
MANDATORY RENEWABLE ENERGY – THE ENERGY EVOLUTION –R21
By Jay Draiman, Energy Consultant

Today’s energy industry is perhaps the world’s most powerful. Energy is the basis of all this world’s wealth, and for perhaps earth’s entire history, the sun’s energy has fueled all ecological and economic systems. If early humans did not learn to exploit new sources of energy, humankind would still be living in the tropical forests. Without the continual exploitation of new energy sources, there would have been no civilization, no Industrial Revolution and no looming global catastrophe.

In order to insure energy and economic independence as well as better economic growth without being blackmailed by foreign countries, our country, the United States of America’s Utilization of Energy Sources must change.
"Energy drives our entire economy.” We must protect it. "Let's face it, without energy the whole economy and economic society we have set up would come to a halt. So you want to have control over such an important resource that you need for your society and your economy." The American way of life is not negotiable.
Our continued dependence on fossil fuels could and will lead to catastrophic consequences.

The federal, state and local government should implement a mandatory renewable energy installation program for residential and commercial property on new construction and remodeling projects, replacement of appliances, motors, HVAC with the use of energy efficient materials-products, mechanical systems, appliances, lighting, insulation, retrofits etc. The source of energy must be by renewable energy such as Solar-Photovoltaic, Geothermal, Wind, Biofuels, Ocean-Tidal, Hydrogen-Fuel Cell etc. This includes the utilizing of water from lakes, rivers and oceans to circulate in cooling towers to produce air conditioning and the utilization of proper landscaping to reduce energy consumption. (Sales tax on renewable energy products and energy efficiency should be reduced or eliminated)

The implementation of mandatory renewable energy could be done on a gradual scale over the next 10 years. At the end of the 10 year period all construction and energy use in the structures throughout the United States must be 100% powered by renewable energy. (This can be done by amending building code)

In addition, the governments must impose laws, rules and regulations whereby the utility companies must comply with a fair “NET METERING” (the buying of excess generation from the consumer at market price), including the promotion of research and production of “renewable energy technology” with various long term incentives and grants. The various foundations in existence should be used to contribute to this cause.

A mandatory time table should also be established for the automobile industry to gradually produce an automobile powered by renewable energy. The American automobile industry is surely capable of accomplishing this task. As an inducement to buy hybrid automobiles (sales tax should be reduced or eliminated on American manufactured automobiles).

This is a way to expedite our energy independence and economic growth. (This will also create a substantial amount of new jobs). It will take maximum effort and a relentless pursuit of the private, commercial and industrial government sectors’ commitment to renewable energy – energy generation (wind, solar, hydro, biofuels, geothermal, energy storage (fuel cells, advance batteries), energy infrastructure (management, transmission) and energy efficiency (lighting, sensors, automation, conservation) (rainwater harvesting, water conservation) (energy and natural resources conservation) in order to achieve our energy independence.
I believe what America needs are cool headed government leaders who understand how markets function and can work with consumers, voters and oil industry leaders to develop a viable energy strategy that will help and not hinder as our nation transitions to our new energy reality.
"To succeed, you have to believe in something with such a passion that it becomes a reality."

Jay Draiman, Energy Consultant
Northridge, CA. 91325
September 3, 2007

P.S. I have a very deep belief in America's capabilities. Within the next 10 years we can accomplish our energy independence, if we as a nation truly set our goals to accomplish this.

I happen to believe that we can do it. In another crisis--the one in 1942--President Franklin D. Roosevelt said this country would build 60,000 [50,000] military aircraft. By 1943, production in that program had reached 125,000 aircraft annually. They did it then. We can do it now.

"the way we produce and use energy must fundamentally change."
The American people resilience and determination to retain the way of life is unconquerable and we as a nation will succeed in this endeavor of Energy Independence.

The Oil Companies should be required to invest a substantial percentage of their profit in renewable energy R&D and implementation. Those who do not will be panelized by the public at large by boy cutting their products.

Solar energy is the source of all energy on the earth (excepting volcanic geothermal). Wind, wave and fossil fuels all get their energy from the sun. Fossil fuels are only a battery which will eventually run out. The sooner we can exploit all forms of Solar energy (cost effectively or not against dubiously cheap FFs) the better off we will all be. If the battery runs out first, the survivors will all be living like in the 18th century again.

Every new home built should come with a solar package. A 1.5 kW per bedroom is a good rule of thumb. The formula 1.5 X's 5 hrs per day X's 30 days will produce about 225 kWh per bedroom monthly. This peak production period will offset 17 to 2

4 cents per kWh with a potential of $160 per month or about $60,000 over the 30-year mortgage period for a three-bedroom home. It is economically feasible at the current energy price and the interest portion of the loan is deductible. Why not?

Title 24 has been mandated forcing developers to build energy efficient homes. Their bull-headedness put them in that position and now they see that Title 24 works with little added cost. Solar should also be mandated and if the developer designs a home that solar is impossible to do then they should pay an equivalent mitigation fee allowing others to put solar on in place of their negligence. (Installation should be paid “performance based”).

Installation of renewable energy and its performance should be paid to the installer and manufacturer based on "performance based" (that means they are held accountable for the performance of the product - that includes the automobile industry). This will gain the trust and confidence of the end-user to proceed with such a project; it will also prove to the public that it is a viable avenue of energy conservation.

Installing a renewable energy system on your home or business increases the value of the property and provides a marketing advantage. It also decreases our trade deficit.

Nations of the world should unite and join together in a cohesive effort to develop and implement MANDATORY RENEWABLE ENERGY for the sake of humankind and future generations.

The head of the U.S. government's renewable energy lab said Monday (Feb. 5) that the federal government is doing "embarrassingly few things" to foster renewable energy, leaving leadership to the states at a time of opportunity to change the nation's energy future. "I see little happening at the federal level. Much more needs to happen." What's needed, he said, is a change of our national mind set. Instead of viewing the hurdles that still face renewable sources and setting national energy goals with those hurdles in mind, we should set ambitious national renewable energy goals and set about overcoming the hurdles to meet them. We have an opportunity, an opportunity we can take advantage of or an opportunity we can squander and let go,"

solar energy - the direct conversion of sunlight with solar cells, either into electricity or hydrogen, faces cost hurdles independent of their intrinsic efficiency. Ways must be found to lower production costs and design better conversion and storage systems.

Disenco Energy of the UK has announced it has reached important
milestones leading to full commercialization, such as the completion of
field trials for its home, micro combined heat and power plant (m-CHP).
The company expects to begin a product roll out in the second quarter of
2008.
Operating at over 90 percent efficiency, the m-CHP will be able to
provide 15 kilowatts of thermal energy (about 50,000 Btu’s) for heat and
hot water and generate 3 kilowatts of electricity. The m-CHP uses a
Stirling engine generator and would be a direct replacement for a home’s
boiler.
Running on piped-in natural gas the unit would create some independence
from the power grid, but still remain connected to the gas supply
network.
Whereas heat is supplied only when the generator is running (or
conversely electricity is generated only when heat is needed) a back-up
battery system and heavily insulated hot water storage tank seem
eventual options for more complete energy independence.

FEDERAL BUILDINGS WITH SOLAR ENERGY – Renewable Energy
All government buildings, Federal, State, County, City etc. should be mandated to be energy efficient and must use renewable energy on all new structures and structures that are been remodeled/upgraded.
"The government should serve as an example to its citizens"

A new innovative renewable energy generating technology is in development. The idea behind Promethean Power came from Matthew Orosz, an MIT graduate student who has worked as a Peace Corps volunteer in the African nation of Lesotho. Orosz wanted to provide electric power, refrigeration, and hot water to people without electricity. He and some MIT colleagues designed a set of mirrors that focus sunlight onto tubes filled with coolant. The hot coolant turns to pressurized vapor, which turns a turbine to make electricity. The leftover heat can be used to warm a tank of water and to run a refrigerator or an air conditioner, using a gas-absorption process that chills liquid ammonia by first heating it.
IS TECHNOLOGY BEING HELD BACK
New Solar Electric Cells - 80% efficient
Mr. Marks says solar panels made with Lepcon or Lumeloid, the materials he patented, ... Most photovoltaic cells are only about 15 percent efficient. ...
A major increase in daily petroleum output is deemed essential to meet U.S. and international oil requirements in 2020, and so we should expect recurring oil shortages and price increases. Only by expediting the diminishing our day-to-day consumption of petroleum and implementing of efficiency and renewable energy policy can we hope to reduce our exposure to costly oil-supply disruptions and lower the risk of economic strangulation.
Quick Facts
 Energy is vital to every sector of the U.S. economy. As our economy grows, the demand for energy rises.

 Total energy consumption is projected to increase 35 percent by 2030.

 Energy-efficiency improvements have played a major role in meeting national energy needs since the 1970s, relative to new supply.
STEP INTO THE LIGHT – AND OUT TO THE WORLD
Jay Draiman, Energy Consultant
Northridge, CA 91324
Email: renewableenergy2@msn.com
Posted on: 09/4//2007

A Greener World and A Dream Most Possible™

A Greener World and A Dream Most Possible™

Explosive Growth
Global warming has highlighted the urgent need for consumer friendly electric vehicles. Electric bike production in China accounts for about 90% of the world’s total production according to a report from the Development Research Center. Lest year, 12 million electric bikes were produced with production expected to reach 30 million by 2010. According to IDTechEx, the electric vehicle (EV) business is booming with sales of $16.2 billion U.S. set to grow eleven fold to $177 billion U.S. in 2013. Vehicles in this sector include industrial, commercial, wheelchairs, two wheel (bicycles and scooters), four wheel (golf carts and cars), military, mobile robots and marine applications. But the adoption has been slowed due to poor performance characteristics. Today’s LEV, and EV have limited range, long recharge times, poor acceleration, short battery lives, poor hill climbing ability, and high torque output produces heat in the motor windings that must be removed to avoid motor, controller and battery damages. The “electric propulsion system (EPS)” or “power train” is the heart of any EV/LEV. All of the EV/LEV applications are potential buyers of the EPS.
The unique, state-of-the-art proprietary one-stop Single Vendor Electric Propulsion System (EPS) solution technology solves all EV/LEV drive-train's challenges
The company is positioned as a supplier of entire power train of battery, motor, and controller to its customers (EV/LEV makers).
 The company EPS are highly cost effective patented multi-winding permanent magnet (PM) brushless DC electric motors and intelligent softgear controllers, which control energy delivery to deliver maximum efficiency of output and power, prolong the life of the battery and reduce recharge time for EV/LEV markets
 Each winding virtually functions as one motor therefore providing “multiple motors in ONE”.
 Different virtual motor is used for different operations, such as “starting, accelerating, cruising, climbing steeper hills, etc.
 All virtual motors are controlled by the softgeared controller
 The company EPS solution significantly decreases the currents when higher torque output is required, such as startup, accelerating, climbing... solving these heating issues-“the winding temperature rise will eventually cause insulation breakdown, leading to heat flow to the rotor. In turn, this heat can demagnetize the high-energy magnets in the rotor...", avoiding motor, controller and battery from being damaged”
Double winding motor EPS configuration Performance Comparison Matrix Source: Company (2006)

 The company EPS solution for use in all EV/LEV will allow the speed and distance constraints of electric powered vehicles to be greatly expanded. And it also will change all EV/LEV performance characteristics and accelerate the adoption of EV/LEV.
 Most customers for motors are the vehicle makers – who would prefer a one stop source for the complete EPS system including motor, energy storage, controls, user interface and wiring harness. (All at a very low cost … of course!). Because most vehicle builders come from bicycle or motorcycle business, they do not have the experience or knowledge to integrate EPS themselves – they want to buy a complete solution.
 The company provides unique, proprietary one-step single vendor EPS source - “It is not just about motor…”, avoiding that “it is the software guy“– says the hardware guy; “No! – It is the hardware” says the software guy.


The company Product Technical Specification Cases
80-250W 36V double winding motor configuration 250-350W 48V double winding motor configuration 250-350W 48V triple winding motor configuration
High Speed: 280~266 rpm High Speed: 400 rpm Start Speed: 586 rpm
High Torque Speed: 220~210 rpm High Torque Speed: 320~290 rpm at electric current 7.5 amp High Torque Speed: 460 rpm at high speed: 500~520 rpm
Proven New Market/Technology Management
Management - Always a Key Ingredient for Successful Execution. Management at Magdyno is a unique blend of experienced marketers and manufacturers plus the “idea” guys. Our management team includes successful Chinese, Canadian and American leaders, who are proven entrepreneurs of change and creators of innovative business models that drive revenue and shareholder returns. In addition, we have world class technical experts and leading professors behind our products.
A Different Kind of Technology Company
Most new technology companies need to start from scratch. They have no products, no markets, and no contracts. Magdyno is different. Magdyno is positioned to be a paragon of the Green Energy industry as a supplier of entire power train of battery, motor, and controller to its customers (EV/LEV makers) to significantly increase energy efficiency of EV/LEV applications with ZERO AIR POLLUTION (ZAP) emission and No Noise (NN)
The company has spent years developing its industry-leading products and is now shipping them into LEV market. We need to ramp up production quickly in order to capture major market share.
Target Market
E-Bike Markets
Our initial target market is the electric bicycle industry. Below is the historical and estimated current predictions of electric bike sales in China (excludes exports) based on numbers given by the NDRC, Electric Bikes Worldwide and ExtraEnergy.org

Electric Wheelchair and Scooter Markets
Worldwide power wheelchair and scooter all terrain and regular personal vehicle markets have shifted dramatically in the last year. Vehicles are useful as personal vehicles in controlled settings, going beyond medical necessity to personal transport. Most vehicles are paid for by Medicare or private insurance as users are usually not as mobile as they wished. There is a small proportion of the market that is not paid for by public or private insurance. Scooter and power wheelchair vehicles are used in shopping settings, airports, in gated communities, and for local transport. Scooters and power wheelchairs are evolving a market presence that goes beyond handicapped transport to personal transport. Forecasts for 2006-2012 indicate the start of fuel cell personal vehicles and electric vehicles with longer lasting travel capability. There is a measurable sub segment of the market that addresses all terrain vehicles. Power wheelchair and scooter markets are expected to grow as the baby boomers age. The aging of the population is expected to change markets. Older people need more support for continued mobility through disability. Rehabilitation becomes more prevalent. Power wheelchair, scooter, and all terrain market forecasts indicate strong growth based on new technology and demand from people wanting a vehicle in between a heavy expensive to drive car and a manual wheelchair. Wheelchair and scooter markets at $1.7 billion in 2005 are expected to grow to $5.3 billion by 2012. Power wheelchairs and scooters provide mobility and move the healthcare delivery system toward the lower cost homecare. (Source: www.researchandmarkets.com).
E-Cars Markets
The LSV Market
The market for LSV’s in North America (US) is beginning to develop. While the LSV category has existed in legislation for 10 years, the recent surge in gasoline prices in the US and “need to be green” has accelerated interest in this category significantly. A study by International Competitive Assessments indicates the global market for golf cart type vehicles, neighborhood electric vehicles and utility vehicles has reached over 650,000 units with an end market value of US$2.5b. The California Air Resources Board notes a widespread need for LSV’s right across California. Interestingly, LSV’s in use in Europe total more than 200,000 vehicles on the road today, almost exclusively powered by internal combustion engines.
Urban Commuter/Neighborhood Market
While LSV’s have seen markets in the neighborhood/gated community markets for several years, the urban commuter market is now receiving attention. The urban commuter market has seen growing interest as gasoline prices have reached levels in the U.S. that make alternative energy choices attractive. In addition, there has been wide grass-roots emergence of energy self sufficiency since 2001 and the terrorist movement. Electric vehicles are viewed in the US a “patriotic” alternative.
Small Delivery-Institutional Market
With a bona fide LSV product available for the North American market, we fully expect the small delivery and institutional market for the ZENN to blossom. The ZENN would be very applicable to the small delivery market such as pizza delivery services, and institutional customers including parking enforcement, large complexes including university campuses, station car projects, resorts airports and military complexes. Interestingly, Microcar has found success in a specialized version of its LSV platform which incorporates a refrigerator and pizza oven for neighborhood pizza vehicles.
US Tax Incentives
With the drive towards reducing dependence on foreign oil, the US is providing incentives for alternative fuels and alternative energy solutions for many types of vehicles. Currently there is federal 10% tax credit available for the purchase of pure electric vehicles (up to $4,000). Other states and municipalities offer other incentives for owning and operating a zero emission vehicle.
EVs are being brought North America markets. The existence of these incentives could aid the success of the Magdyno’s market penetration in E-vehicle makers in USA/Canada, such as Zenn Motors (www.zenncars.com/) in Canada, Meyers Motors (www.myersmotors.com) and ZAP in USA (www.zapworld.com/) because all of their EVs are powered by conventional DC brushed motor technology.
Competition Analysis
Major Suppliers of EPS systems for LEV/EV applications are usually from different vendors. More than 70 motors and controller makers are in China. Also, National, Sanyo, Yamaha, Heinzmann, chachner, e-Cycle, MAC / BMC, Koll Morgan, TDCM, and Many others are suppliers of motors and controllers.
The following table shows the motor configurations for LEV/EV drive systems in Asian, American and European markets

China (brushed and brushless)
150 - 250 watt hub motors, gear reduction and direct drive, most common in China.
Low cost, not consistent in quality or performance, more than 70 makers, “good enough” for the China market and low price export market.
250 – 750 watt gear reduction hub brushed/brushless motors. Quite good, not cheap.
Japan (brushed)
250 watt bottom bracket drive used in Japan.
250 watt, designed for Japanese regulations – proportional drive PAS paradigm.
Some hub motors are used, including an American designed model for Sanyo
EU (brushed)
250 to 600 watt motors in a variety of configurations used in EU.
USA (brushed)
250 – 1,500 watt motors in a variety of configurations used in USA.
Magdyno (Brushless multi-winding motor and softgered controller EPS configuration)

Brushless Motors have the advantage

Hub Motors have the advantage
 Hub motors easily fit on existing frames and platforms.
 Hub motors use a space that is otherwise not used at all.
 This applies to almost all LEVs.
 There seems to be a nearly universal intuitive acceptance of hub motors by consumers.
Many designs of LEV/EV applications use conventional motor configurations. Heat dissipation and durability are major issues – also noise, cost and serviceability.
Poor LEV/EV performance is slowing consumer adoption due to following Customer Problems:
 Limited range between charges
 Expensive battery only lasts one year
 Limited warranty due to power train problems
 Slow acceleration from stop
 Slow acceleration from cruising speed
 Can't climb steep hills
 High torque output produces heat in the motor windings that must be removed to avoid motor damage
Important issues for LEV/EV consumers in rough order of importance are:
 Cost (Battery life is a major cost component)
 Range (how far on a single charge)
 Noise
 Torque (acceleration from stop and hill climbing)
 Reliability
 Weight
 Efficiency
Different customers are with different priorities
 Military and Police – silence, range, speed
 Industrial – range, reliability
 Some EU markets – reliability
Opportunities for future
Many designs use conventional motors, however, market needs better reliable, high performance and cost effective EPS suppliers
 Smaller size
 More efficient
 Cost effective
 Better torque characteristics
 More durable
 Better controller characteristics
 Better controller reliability
Magdyno’s awarded and patented multi-winding brushless motor and softgeared controller configuration technology is revolutionary innovation. Two motor in one" with patented virtual winding configuration design, makes any e-bike:
 go 50% further increases range of e-bikes (up to 50% further)
 increases battery life (lasts up to 50% longer before new battery needed)
 much better acceleration
 climbs steeper hills (up to 50% steeper)
 significantly removes the heating produced in the motor windings while high torque output to avoid motor/controller/battery damage
Emerging markets for LEV/EV size EPS
 Robots
 Industrial carts
 Personal mobility
 Trailers
 Recreational
 Others
=
Contact
Jerry Jiang
CEO and Chief architect
Phone: (1) 905.997.8081
Jerryyjiang@gmail.com jerry.jiang@magdyno.com
Magdyno Electro-mechanical Engineering Consulting Corp.
1498 Stillriver Cres. Mississauga, Ontario L5M3V5, Canada]

A Greener World and A Dream Most Possible™

Contact
Jerry Jiang
CEO and Chief architect
Phone: (1) 905.997.8081
Jerryyjiang@gmail.com jerry.jiang@magdyno.com
Magdyno Electro-mechanical Engineering Consulting Corp.
1498 Stillriver Cres. Mississauga, Ontario L5M3V5, Canada]

Jo P

Europe is woefully short of resources to meet its energy needs – and horribly reliant on other countries to meet its energy needs. No wonder France and the UK are hoping to hook up and pursue the nuclear option – big time. Meanwhile Germany is seriously committed to pursuing the “alternative” route.

Europeans do, however, have one thing in their favor; the towns and cities were mostly built before the invention of the automobile. European cities are generally much more compact:- bus trips are usually short and it is easy to imagine relatively inexpensive tram systems being introduced where they do not already exist. If forced many people could walk or cycle across (my 98 year old British grandmother tells me that she always walked or cycled if a trip was less than about 5 miles). There is also usually a good railway system and sometimes even a canal system in place. It means a change in lifestyle for many Europeans - but it is not wholly unrealistic to imagine life could continue there in a relatively civilized (but low energy) way indefinitely into the future. Or am I being unrealistic?

Jay Draiman

A more efficient and cost effective renewable energy system is needed.
To accelerate the implementation of renewable electric generation with added incentives and a FASTER PAYBACK - ROI. (A method of storing energy, would accelerate the use of renewable energy) A greater tax credit, accelerated depreciation, funding scientific research and pay as you save utility billing. (Reduce and or eliminates the tax on implementing energy efficiency, eliminate increase in Real estate Taxes for energy efficiency improvement).
In California, you also have the impediment, that when there are an interruption of power supply by the Utility you the consumer cannot use your renewable energy system to provide power.
In today's technology there is automatic switching equipment that would disconnect the consumer from the grid, which would permit renewable generation for the consumer even during power interruption.
New competition for the world's limited oil and natural gas supplies is increasing global demand like never before. Reserves are dwindling. These and other factors are forcing energy prices to skyrocket here at home. It's affecting not just the fuel for our cars and homes, but it's driving up electricity costs, too. A new world is emerging. The energy decisions our nation makes today will have huge implications into the next century.

A synchronous system with batteries allows the blending of a PV with grid power, but also offers the advantage of “islanding” in case of a power failure. A synchronous system automatically disconnects the utility power from the house and operates like an off-grid home during power failures. This system, however, is more costly and loses some of the efficiency advantages of a battery-less system.
Power grid back-feed protection apparatus
Document Type and Number:
United States Patent 7148585
Link to this page:
http://www.freepatentsonline.com/7148585.html
Abstract:
A circuit breaker that functions like a double pole double throw (DPDT) switch is used to isolate the commercial power grid from an external power source. When in the “on” position the circuit breaker serves as a main power input circuit breaker allowing power from the commercial power grid to feed into existing wiring. In the “off” position the commercial power grid is disconnected and isolated from the existing wiring. Instead, the switch mechanism is connected to an external power source such as a generator. The generator can be safely operated without risking power back-feed into the commercial power grid.

Title 24

Thank you so much for this valuable information.

JL Mealer

You need to understand the effect the fossil fuel taxes have on government spending and the programs it covers. Mainly on the city level, but we need the revenue.

McCain 3R Plan is the solution!
www.betterconstructed.com/mccain3R.htm

Let's make this reality!

Obama's plan prevents American;s from trying to do better and taxes the investors so they will head overseas with their money!
..................................
JOHN McCAIN’S 3R ECONOMIC PLAN 2008
Abbreviated version

Republican Candidate John McCain with a progressive outlook, comes through for America with his 3R economic plan.

NUTS AND BOLTS of the plan are simple.

RETHINK REFORM REINVENT

As Americans we must Rethink our role as the new leader of industrial nations while we Reform our mindset of what best benefits not only the US Economy but the world economy. We must always keep in mind that a stronger America is a Stronger World and we MUST always make it first and foremost to own a stake in what matter most.

Americans must Reinvent our national approach to regain our strength as the global leader in this new McCain 3R Phase of USA manufacturing.

Our goals should no longer be steeped in the pure greed of strict capitalism but rather in a progressive entrepreneurship system where smaller companies are formed by private individuals and private sector groups of goal oriented teammates.

Speculators and accredited private investors will pick and choose these businesses, which may also be grouped in investment packages such as with current commodity and futures trading. The laws to do this exist and people are waiting for the next best investment.

Investing in the American workforce has always been in high demand until the greedy AFL CIO took control of the working class and chased away or ruined the corporations!

The growth will be phenomenal as a Corporation or LLC opened for business may fail on occasion, but with proper training and support from the 3R Schools, a simple manufacturing business may be purchased or simply revamped for a new opportunity in the US Commodity Market as well as with the manufacturing arena.

The highly profitable products to be manufactured are a concern for a huge Corporation looking at only the bottom dollar, but smaller LLC and Corporations in the manufacturing world are often better run with limited production items sold at reasonable prices. Profits are made not only from the USA made wholesale goods, but the massive USA based jobs provided along with the stocks and commodities in the market.

The move from fossil fuels to affordable energy can only be done in one of two ways:

1. Halt all projects paid for with taxes at the pump and other fuel taxes, OR,

2. John McCain’s Economic Plan involving the 3R’s, Rethink, Reform, Reinvent.

McCain’s 3R is technical, closely monitored, rapid and hands on training course from professionals to create new professionals. Thousands of currently-job-displaced “once leaders in the manufacturing arena” will be paid to train and instruct in the 3R plan.
These new leaders will step up to help create a whole new style of prosperous America. A massive restructuring that will provide thousands of new American manufacturing companies and create millions of new jobs for infrastructure alone.

Americans are going back to school where they are paid to reinvent their skills and learn new skills to design and lead their personal LLC, Corporation or joint venture company.
That’s easy enough to comprehend and just as easy to implement.

The 3R plan is designed as a six-month rapid advancement system.
Graduates may return for additional skill enhancements from time to time, or step up after new advanced training in executive management.

New jobs are the mainstay for creating a new guard for Social Security.

Initial estimates of 1 in 5 students will begin his or her own company and drive even more Americans into a viable lifestyle with real jobs, real benefits and a retirement to look forward to. By making these opportunities available without crippling AFL CIO interference and their mob like influence, America will explode into the world market.

All of this governed under strict employee benefits as provided by state and federal standards and improved upon by each mfg operation to provide security and safety for these new 3R American workers.

This 3R plan may be accomplished without costing taxpayers (or the government) additional funds. America has the means to follow through with John McCain’s 3R plan, ready and in place across the USA. The buildings we need for our initial 3R schooling and MFG arenas sit vacant or abandoned.

By assuming leases on abandoned stores and factories across America with 3R schools and mini-manufacturing training centers, we may allow building owners to write-off their donations and reduced leases in taxes over a few years, and even more if they donate the space.

USA made tools, power equipment, bicycles, computers, TV’s, radios, furniture, building material, clothing, automotive products… the list is endless, will become the pride of American workers once again.

These ideas are great in themselves, but an entirely new stream of jobs to supply support for these manufacturing companies and their hundreds of thousands of new employees will be created and expanded. Business and infrastructure from shopping malls to homes, new roads to restaurants, grocery stores to government outlets and so much more…

McCain’s Straight Talk and decisive nature embodies a Progressive Theodore Roosevelt more than any US presidential candidate in history since the original Rough Rider blazed the greatest era of growth in America.

The 3R plan just makes sense.

THIS DRAFT COURTESY OF:
Mealer Companies
www.betterconstructed.com (original promotional site)

carl

I realize I am a bit late on this conversation but America should be able to bring its 19th century based road/rail system into the 21st by automating it and powering it with solar and wind energy. For more information and discussion see the national personal transit blog at npts2020.blogspot.com

Payday Loan

I really like the articles here in this blog. The ideas about alternative sources of energy are brilliant. We are better off concocting things that can actually make our world a better place. Now if there are also brilliant ideas about our financial situation then efficiency will be achieved. Meanwhile, being knowledgeable about these financial issues is a one way to think of good solutions. The news, tips and articles here will help you get started. http://personalmoneystore.com/moneyblog/

Payday Loan Advocate

The classic novel, Brave New World, was first published in 1932. The author, Aldous Huxley, conveyed the possible events that would take place if the government took complete control of our daily lives. He wrote in reflection of his own surroundings, of how his hometown of London may look in the year 2540, if they continued with the programs to end war, divergence, suffering, and unreceptive ruling. It defines exactly how everyday lives would be like, with no ability to utilize their voice or live the way they choose to live. This brought a large number of criticisms knocking on Huxley’s door. Conversely, many of the same seeds have been planted in America, which have created a similar scare as was in the classic piece of literature. Although the socialist and the communist movements have been around for several generations in America, it hasn’t taken much prevalence until this one. It’s preposterous that politicians are trying to put a great number of things under the exclusive control of the government. Let’s take the state of California for instance. In some parts of Los Angeles, dishonest officials have put restrictions on various areas, forbidding where fast food restaurants are allowed to set up new shops. That’s right. You can’t have a hamburger in certain places in South Los Angeles, whether you like it or not. On top of the petty matters they base their focus on, they intend to stretch out even further and conquer more than what they currently control. State and national politicians are trying to remove the admission to fast and easy payday loans, only to assemble enough votes to carry out their own self-interest. Undoubtedly, this further proves our government’s intention to stringently control our daily lives.
Post Courtesy of Personal Money Store
Professional Blogging Team
Feed Back: 1-866-641-3406
Home: http://personalmoneystore.com/NoFaxPaydayLoans.html
Blog: http://personalmoneystore.com/moneyblog/

Payday Loan Advocate

Aldous Huxley, author of the classic novel, Brave New World, gives his readers a “warning” of what would come to pass if the government completely controlled our everyday lives. Published in 1932, Huxley wrote the book based on his prediction of how London, his hometown, might look in the year 2540, assuming the continuance of programs to end war, conflict, suffering, and antagonistic (aka: “free”) thought. Huxley painted a picture of what the world would look like if people were unable to speak their minds, or live how they want to, free from the confines of the multiple levels of government. Many people criticized and continue to criticize Huxley for his novel. Several seeds have been planted in the U.S., which have created alarming parallels to Huxley’s novel. The socialist and communist movements have been lurking in the shadows of America for many generations, but the movements have recently come to the forefront of the political platform. Some politicians are attempting to assign the government exclusive control of too many aspects of daily life. For example, in certain areas of Los Angeles, elected officials have created restrictions on where new fast food restaurants can and cannot establish themselves. Yes, you heard me right; the “man” is telling you that you can’t get a juicy hamburger and fries in South L.A., whether you like it or not. What’s worse is that state and national politicians are trying to rob you of your right to access fast and easy payday loans. Politicians want to eliminate payday loans in an attempt to win the votes of bigger corporations like banks, so they can take office and promote their self-interests. Stand up and be heard. Fight to free yourself from the government’s ever-increasing power over your daily life.
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Professional Blogging Team
Feed Back: 1-866-641-3406
Home: http://personalmoneystore.com/NoFaxPaydayLoans.html
Blog: http://personalmoneystore.com/moneyblog/

Payday Loan Advocate

Alaska’s governor, and the Republican candidate for Vice President of the United States, has been a media darling lately. However, it is as more of a punching bag than a champion, in spite of the facts. Last weekend, she appeared on Saturday Night Live after being spoofed by the program. Instead of being praised for being a good sport, she was singled out for it. She has become a frequent target for criticism, for her performance as Alaska’s governor, her character, even for intrusion into her family life when it became known that her 17 year old daughter had become pregnant. This amounts to little more than character assassination. Palin has been praised by many in her home state for her efforts to improve Alaska, and her tireless support for the disabled, by working for the needs of people afflicted with Down’s syndrome, autism, and other disorders who haven’t received the care that they need and deserve. She also is a staunch advocate of personal responsibility and financial freedom. She also has advocated for not ridding the US of cash advances, a legitimate industry that working, responsible, normal people that need a helping hand in a financial crunch use who don’t want to have to or can't turn to the banks or credit card companies.
Post Courtesy of Personal Money Store
Professional Blogging Team
Feed Back: 1-866-641-3406
Home: http://personalmoneystore.com/NoFaxPaydayLoans.html
Blog: http://personalmoneystore.com/moneyblog/

Building Turbines

We are building a horizontal axis wind turbine for building rooftops. The turbines harness the buildings updraft wind behind the parapet wall. The parapet wall is used to shade the bottom blades from the turbulent vortex winds. After building four successfull prototypes we are now on our first production turbine. We need help with the alternator and gearbox. We are also seeking funding to get into production asap. Please see our website and advise. http://buildingturbines.com
Thanks!

John

The EPA and all the environmental wackos are destroying this great country. They are driving our energy cost high by targeting one of our countries larges energy resources, Coal, by claiming its adding to global warming. There is a well-organized group of people that want to drive this country into ruin and they are using the cover of global warming to do this. If our leaders truly wanted us to be energy independents from foreign counties then they should use all of our countries energy resources. Global warming is a farce, with no conclusive scientific proof and there needs to be more Americans standing up and apposing these groups. They don’t care a bet about the environment they just want to gain as much power as they can, impose their fascist views and will on all of us.

If anyone wants proof, just look up what the EPA and these groups have done with DDT. Millions of lives could have been save over the past 40 years if this wasn’t banned and scientific proof has shown that it does not have any health or environmental impact.

ecolo127

There are news about giant "solar towers"
Two new websites are dedicated to them and they are very complete!!!
Please have a look on:
www.solar-tower.org.uk
and www.tour-solaire.fr
(and next month www.torre-solar.es)
Cheers
ecolo127

dell Inspiron E1705 battery

it is seems very wonderfull

cheap clothing

I wonder what will be the meaning of those symbols. Hope there is one click for the translation here.

cheap clothing

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ティファニー 激安

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「ティファニー ジェメア」は、18カラットのホワイトゴールドで作られた樽型のケースが特徴で、たくさんのダイヤモンドを散りばめた宝飾時計に仕上がっている。ダイヤモンド1列のモデルとダイヤモンド2列のモデルのほかに、時計の表面に610個のダイヤモンド(3.12カラット)を敷き詰めたフルパヴェのモデルも用意。Tiffany locksこれらの3モデルを、直径22mm / 18mmの2パターンで展開する。ティファニー
その他、ショールームのオープンを記念し、日本初登場となる「ステートメント ウォッチ」「5thアヴェニュー ウォッチ」なども特別展示されるティファニー
アメリカを代表する世界のプレミア?ジュエラー、ティファニーは1837年の創設以来、時を越えて多くの人々を魅了してきた。ティファニーのジュエリー、シルバー、ウォッチ、そのデザインの数々は何世代にもわたって世界中で愛され続けている。ティファニー 通販

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